Le XVIIe siècle est marqué par plusieurs découvertes importantes. Michael Maier, médecin de l'empereur Rodolphe II publie en 1613 Arcana Arcanissima, c'est-à-dire Les Arcanes très secrets, ouvrage dans lequel il vante des succès en chirurgie esthétique. En 1622, en pratiquant des vivisections sur des chiens, le chirurgien italien Gaspare Aselli (v. Puis, William Harvey, peu après, effectue une découverte capitale : la circulation du sang (1628) et www.viagrabelgiquefr.com viagra en explique tout le phénomène.
ProSUM – Prospecting Secondary raw materials from the Urban Mine and Mining waste
The ProSUM project will deliver the First Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform, a centralised database of all available data and information on arisings, stocks, flows and treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), end-of-life vehicles (ELVs), batteries and mining wastes. The availability of primary and secondary raw materials data, easily accessible in one platform, will provide the foundation for improving Europe’s position on raw material supply, with the ability to accommodate more wastes and resources in future. ProSUM will provide data for improving the management of these wastes and enhancing the resource efficiency of collection, treatment and recycling.
Every year in Europe, around 9 million tonnes of WEEE and 7-8M tonnes and ELVs are generated, and over 1 million tonnes batteries are sold. These products are a rich source of secondary critical raw materials (CRMs) in the urban mine. For example, 99% of world Gallium consumption is in integrated circuits and optoelctronic devices, 74% of Indium in flat panel displays and 27% of cobalt in rechargeable batteries. Previous and active mining deposits also contain untapped reserves of CRMs.
Until now, the data on CRMs has been produced by a variety of institutions including government agencies, universities, NGOs and industry and lies scattered in different databases, formats and reports which is difficult to compare or aggregate.
ProSUM, Latin for ‘I am useful’, will create an Information Network that allows partners in the network to provide and use data by the creation of an inventory of waste streams with a high potential to serve as a source of CRMs. This ground breaking project will produce the EU Urban Mine Knowledge Data Platform (EU-UMKDP) providing user friendly, seamless access to data and intelligence on mineral resources from extraction to end of life products with the ability to reference all spatial and non-spatial data. The link to primary mineral resources is provided through the existing EU Minerals Knowledge Data Platform. The project will be addressed to a wide range of end-users, including the recycling industry, producers and producer compliance schemes, and policy makers.
All available data will be collated and screened to see if it allows for better characterisation of the material content of these waste and whether better data is required. This will lead to the identification of the need for additional standards and datasets and harmonised methodologies for characterising the CRM content of these waste streams.
The first activity of the Network will be to identify how data should be presented and organised for this wide range of stakeholders to ensure it meets their needs. Within the Information Network, Special Interest Groups are also being set up to support the particular data needs of different groups of stakeholders. Register your interest in joining the ProSUM Information Network by e-mailing email@example.com
Please take part in our survey to identify what data and intelligence you want to see in the EU-UMKDP:
Once completed, please return your forms to either David Gardner (firstname.lastname@example.org) or Jon Extaniz (email@example.com) by 28th August. Earlier responses would be greatly appreciated. If you have any questions or comments please contact either David or Jon on +44 151 347 2918 and +44 151 347 2917.
A consortium of 17 partners, representing research institutes, geological surveys and industry, with excellence in all the above domains is delivering this ambitious project:
WEEE Forum - Project Coordinator
EuroGeoSurveys - Scientific Coordinator
United Nations University - Scientific Coordinator
The project is funded by the European Union (€3.051m) and the Swiss Government (€0.63m). The project will be delivered over three years, ending in December 2017.
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 641999.